First, lets start by learning a little bit about the Water Buffalo and where they come from.
The Water Buffalo is a large bovid originally from South Asia, Sourtheast Asia and China although, today, they are also found in Europe, Australia, some African countries as well as North America. Their are two types of the buffalo based on their features and behaviors; The River Buffalo and the Swamp Buffalo.
The River Buffalo of South Asia and further west to Europe most likely originated from India and have been domesticated about 5,000 years. The River Buffalo have longer faces, smaller girths and bigger limbs than the Swamp Buffalo who tend to be heavy-bodied and stockily built with a wide, short face. The Swamp Buffalo originated from China and were domesticated about 4,000 years ago.
Why are they called Water Buffalo?
Both River and Swamp Buffalo are well adjusted to hot and humid climates with temperatures ranging from 32-86+ degree Fahrenheit. However, due to them having very few sweat glands, they rely on water to stay cool. River Buffalo prefer deep water while Swamp Buffalo prefer to wallow in mud holes which they make by digging their horns into the ground. Although availability of water is important in extreme temperatures, it is not necessary in the more mild climates of North America
Water Buffalo thrive on many different vegetation including many aquatic plants including some that are harsh and over take the land; in fact they can graze where most cattle won't. They are are great conservation tool to help revitalize land that has succumbed to invasive plants that make the land unusable. We are currently working with different state organizations to further this work and lend our buffalo out to help clear over run land.